Nuclear Collisions: Discord, Reform & the Nuclear Nonproliferation Regime
American Academy of Arts and Sciences
March 27, 2012
Essay by: Steven E. Miller, director of the International Security Program and member of the Belfer Center Board of Directors
Topic: NPT regime
“In Nuclear Collisions: Discord, Reform & the Nuclear Nonproliferation Regime, Steven E. Miller, Codirector of the Academy’s Global Nuclear Future Initiative, outlines the main points of contention within the NPT regime and identifies the issues that have made reform so difficult. ‘The future of the NPT regime will be shaped by colliding visions,’ Miller writes. His comprehensive analysis provides a foundation for understanding—and managing, minimizing, and overcoming—differing perspectives.
According to Miller, nuclear weapons states and non-nuclear weapons states have different perceptions of the NPT’s adequacy and fairness, as well as its flaws and weaknesses. “Given this diversity of views,” he writes, ‘it is not surprising that states respond differently to proposed reforms of the regime; they do not agree on diagnoses of the NPT’s problems, and hence do not share the same reform agenda.’”